23.08.2019
 Chapter Review Answers Chapter 5 Analysis Paper

п»їChapter 5

Obtaining energy and nutrients for life

PHASE REVIEW

Key words

absorption

alimentary cacera

amylase

and can

autotrophic

autotrophs

bile

fiel duct

bolus

carnivores

cell phone respiration

chloroplasts

chyme

colon

cystic fibrosis

digestion

gastrointestinal tract

duodenum

emulsification

enzymes

faeces

foregut fermenters

gall bladder

gastric juice

herbivores

heterotrophic

heterotrophs

hindgut fermenters

ileum

jejunum

lacteals

huge intestine

hard working liver

mucus

esophagus

omnivores

pancreatic

pepsin

peristalsis

photosynthesis

prey

pyloric muscle

rectum

ruminants

SA: Versus ratio

small intestine

spawning

stomach

villi

Questions

1Making connections пѓЁ Use at least half a dozen of the keywords from this section to construct an idea map. Checklist

 Refer to chapter one particular and assessment the way in which principle maps will be constructed. Feedback

Refer to the answer to issue 1 of chapter 1 .

2Applying your understanding пѓЁ Suggest whether each one of the following microorganisms is autotrophic or heterotrophic. aa citrus tree

bthe ringworm fungus of a dog

florida breastfed baby

da reddish seaweed

Tips

 Read the section ‘Heterotrophs and autotrophs' (pp. 101–2). Comments

aA lemon shrub is an autotroph.

bThe ringworm fungus infection of a puppy is a heterotroph.

cA breastfed baby is heterotrophic.

de uma red ocean weed is autotrophic.

3Communicating knowing about it пѓЁ

Refer to п¬Ѓgures 3. 19 (page 71) and 5. your five (page 104).

aList three characteristics of leaves that facilitate their very own ability to photosynthesise. bThe stomata of a few plants close for an hour or more at about midday. Describe whether there is certainly likely to be virtually any advantage for the plant. cWhen plants are taken off soil and transplanted elsewhere, they often wilt for a few days and nights even when an all sety supply of water is available. They generally recover after a few days. Explain this declaration. Checklist

 Read the section ‘Plants buildings in relation to photosynthesis' (pp. 104–5). Comments

aChoose any three from the subsequent list:

п‚·flat shape gives a large area for exposure to the sunlight п‚·each leaf cellular contains many chloroplasts that could trap the power of sunshine п‚·presence of stomata follicles allows for carbon entry in to the leaf п‚·internal air areas allow for quick diffusion of carbon dioxide in the leaf skin cells п‚·presence of vascular tissues allows for travel of drinking water required for photosynthesis. bWater can be lost from a flower when the stomata are open. On a hot day the rate at which drinking water is lost may be greater than the rate where it can be replaced. It is beneficial to the plant to shut some stomata in the most popular part of the day to help reduce the quantity of water shed. cRoot fur of a herb absorb normal water from the ground. When a grow is transplanted, many of the root hairs happen to be broken off. The plant cannot absorb as much water and quite often wilts since it is losing even more water than it can absorb. The plant will certainly recover mainly because it grows more root hair to replace all those lost or damaged inside the transplanting procedure. 4Communicating your understanding пѓЁ The natural photosynthesis occurs in two periods: a light-dependent stage and a light-independent stage. aWhat is the equation for each stage?

bCombine the equations of part a to demonstrate how the simplified overall equation of the natural photosynthesis is attained. cIn what way do the products of each stage serve the other stage? Register

 Read the section ‘Ins and outs of photosynthesis' (pp. 102–3). Comments

aThe light-dependent level:

water пЂ« NADP пЂ« ADP пЂ« Pi п‚® oxygen пЂ« NADPH пЂ« ATP

The light-independent stage:

carbon dioxide пЂ« NADPH пЂ« ATP п‚® glucose пЂ« NADP пЂ« ADP пЂ« Pi bThe overall formula for the natural photosynthesis:

carbon dioxide and water п‚® glucose and oxygen

(6CO2 + 6H2O п‚® C6H12O6 + 6O2)

cThe NADPH and ATP produced in the light-dependent stage give the hydrogen ions and strength needed for the light-independent level to take place. 5...